Stariawa and Kroscienko are little more than a dozen kilometres apart. The train that twice daily trundles through these Bieszczady foothills linking the two villages is never very full. The European Union's visa restrictions, which make it pretty tough for Ukrainians to enter Poland, have done nothing to promote the use of this rural railway line. There was a time, when folk from Ukraine would take the train over to Kroscienko and there, in Poland's first village over the border, do a little wayside trade. But the cross-border traffic has dropped off in the last years, and particularly in the wake of Poland's accession to the Schengen group of nations. Ukrainians now need a visa to enter Poland and so pay a heavy price for the ease with which Poles can now travel across Europe.
The chances are that when European Union leaders met in Prague for their May summit, none of them had ever heard of Kroscienko. No thoughts of the village that was once home to several hundred Greek refugees, many of them miners and their families, who moved here after the Greek Civil War. Not a word spoken in Prague about life in the border village where the train from Ukraine pauses just after entering Poland.
"Przyjazna granica," says an old man who came to Kroscienko from Greece when he was in his early twenties. A friendly border. "Przyjazna granica," he repeats pointing at the maze of barbed wire that keeps Poland and Ukraine apart.